Otto Piene «Lightspace» (Lichtraum) 1957-2006.
Otto Piene consecutively developed three forms of Light Ballet: Archaic Light Ballet (1959) based on torches and perforated cardboard; Mechanical Light Ballet' (1960) requiring the visitors to operate cranks to set light objects slowly moving; Automatic Light Balle' with electrically powered dynamos. While his show was running in the Galerie Schmela, Piene staged in his studio a festival of light with performances of different versions of the light ballet.
Extract from Sky and Space Artists' Manifesto:
Photography was invented and popularized by artists: Niepce, Daguerre, Talbot, Morse. Photography as an art form used by scientists and engineers has told us more about deep space than extrapolated data from any other source. During the last decade and a half photography applied to space has advanced space research more then all previous scientific effort. It is in this tradition that we as artists seek the broadest possible relationship with international space effort. While photography was developed by artists without foreknowledge of its scientific applications the cumulative thrust of cultural experience and insight gained from the history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries leads to our realization that art, science and technology complement each other increasingly as this dramatic century comes to a close.
Interaction between scientists, engineers and artists fosters new media and practice in the arts, and thereby, artists communicate with ever increasing audiences. To encourage and proliferate art based on integration the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at M.I.T. has for nearly 20 years hosted artists and theorists working individually and collaboratively. Accordingly, a series of international SKY ART Conferences was begun in 1981 and has led to the 1986 Conference, September 29 - October 3. One hundred and fifty artists, scientists and students convened and decided to address the space agencies through the following statement which we are presenting today at the November 3, 1986 Paris Conference on Culture in Space.