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Updated: 24 weeks 3 days ago

CUORE underground experiment in Italy carries on despite pandemic

Tue, 2020-05-12 05:00
(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) As the COVID-19 outbreak took hold in Italy, researchers working on a nuclear physics experiment called CUORE at an underground laboratory in central Italy scrambled to keep the ultrasensitive experiment running and launch new tools and rules for remote operations.
Categories: space news

NASA sees Tropical Storm Vongfong form and threaten the Philippines

Tue, 2020-05-12 05:00
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) A low-pressure area that formed in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean several days ago has consolidated and organized into a tropical storm. NASA's Aqua satellite provided forecasters with a visible image of newly formed Tropical Storm Vongfong.
Categories: space news

Powerful new AI technique detects and classifies galaxies in astronomy image data

Tue, 2020-05-12 05:00
(University of California - Santa Cruz) Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed a powerful new computer program called Morpheus that can analyze astronomical image data pixel by pixel to identify and classify all of the galaxies and stars in large data sets from astronomy surveys. Morpheus is a deep-learning framework that incorporates a variety of artificial intelligence technologies developed for applications such as image and speech recognition.
Categories: space news

SwRI scientist modeled Mars climate to understand habitability

Mon, 2020-05-11 05:00
(Southwest Research Institute) A Southwest Research Institute scientist modeled the atmosphere of Mars to help determine that salty pockets of water present on the Red Planet are likely not habitable by life as we know it on Earth. A team that also included scientists from Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and the University of Arkansas helped allay planetary protection concerns about contaminating potential Martian ecosystems. These results were published this month in Nature Astronomy.
Categories: space news

Scientists reveal solar system's oldest molecular fluids could hold the key to early life

Mon, 2020-05-11 05:00
(Royal Ontario Museum) Scientists from the Royal Ontario Museum have analysed a meteorite atom by atom to reveal the chemistry and acidity of the earliest fluids in the solar system. By finding evidence of sodium-rich alkaline water in the Tagish Lake meteorite, this new study suggests amino acids could have formed rapidly on the parent asteroid, opening the door for the early evolution of microbial life.
Categories: space news

Hayabusa2 reveals more secrets from Ryugu

Mon, 2020-05-11 05:00
(University of Tokyo) In February and July of 2019, the Hayabusa2 spacecraft briefly touched down on the surface of near-Earth asteroid Ryugu. The readings it took with various instruments at those times have given researchers insight into the physical and chemical properties of the 1-kilometer-wide asteroid. These findings could help explain the history of Ryugu and other asteroids, as well as the solar system at large.
Categories: space news

New evidence shows giant meteorite impacts formed parts of the moon's crust

Mon, 2020-05-11 05:00
(Royal Ontario Museum) New research on a rock collected by the Apollo 17 astronauts has revealed evidence for a mineral phase that can only form above 2300 °C. Such temperatures are uniquely achieved in melt sheets following a meteorite impact, allowing the researchers to link the 4.33-billion-year-old crystal to an ancient collision on the moon. The study opens the door for many of the more complex rocks on the moon to have formed in these destructive environments.
Categories: space news

Water loss in northern peatlands threatens to intensify fires, global warming

Mon, 2020-05-11 05:00
(McMaster University) A group of 59 international scientists, led by researchers at Canada's McMaster University, has uncovered new information about the distinct effects of climate change on boreal forests and peatlands, which threaten to worsen wildfires and accelerate global warming.
Categories: space news

Discovered a multilayer haze system on Saturn's Hexagon

Fri, 2020-05-08 05:00
(University of the Basque Country ) The most extensive system of haze layers ever observed in the solar system have been discovered and characterised on the planet Saturn.
Categories: space news

Telescopes and spacecraft join forces to probe deep into Jupiter's atmosphere

Thu, 2020-05-07 05:00
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and the ground-based Gemini Observatory in Hawaii have teamed up with the Juno spacecraft to probe the mightiest storms in the solar system, taking place more than 500 million miles away on the giant planet Jupiter.
Categories: space news

Gemini gets lucky and takes a deep dive into Jupiter's clouds

Thu, 2020-05-07 05:00
(Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA)) Researchers using a technique known as 'lucky imaging' with the Gemini North telescope on Hawaii's Maunakea have collected some of the highest resolution images of Jupiter ever obtained from the ground. These images are part of a multi-year joint observing program with the Hubble Space Telescope in support of NASA's Juno mission.
Categories: space news

NASA CubeSat mission to gather vital space weather data

Thu, 2020-05-07 05:00
(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA has selected a new pathfinding CubeSat mission to gather data not collected since the agency flew the Dynamics Explorer in the early 1980s.
Categories: space news

Rutgers' Greg Moore elected to National Academy of Sciences

Thu, 2020-05-07 05:00
(Rutgers University) Rutgers Professor Gregory W. Moore, a renowned physicist who seeks a unified understanding of the basic forces and fundamental particles in the universe, has been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences.
Categories: space news

Hayabusa2's touchdown on Ryugu reveals its surface in stunning detail

Thu, 2020-05-07 05:00
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) High-resolution images and video were taken by the Japanese space agency's Hayabusa2 spacecraft as it briefly landed to collect samples from Ryugu -- a nearby asteroid that orbits mostly between Earth and Mars -- allowing researchers to get an up-close look at its rocky surface, according to a new report.
Categories: space news

Graphene sets sail in microgravity

Wed, 2020-05-06 05:00
(SCALE Nanotech) ESA-backed researchers demonstrate the laser-propulsion of graphene sails in microgravity. The light sails use a scalable micro-membrane design that minimizes their mass and hence increases their thrust upon light irradiation. To demonstrate the new sail concept, the scientists gained access to ZARM Drop Tower. There, the sail prototypes were set in vacuum and microgravity, and 1W-lasers caused their acceleration up to 1 m/s2.
Categories: space news

Recipients of 2020 Gruber Cosmology Prize announced

Wed, 2020-05-06 05:00
(International Astronomical Union) The Gruber Cosmology Prize, which is co-sponsored by the IAU, recognises scientists whose discoveries have driven fundamental advances in our understanding of the Universe. The 2020 prize has been awarded to Lars Hernquist and Volker Springel for their pioneering work on cosmological simulations, which have not only led to their own discoveries, but also become an invaluable resource used widely by other researchers.
Categories: space news

Lars Hernquist and Volker Springel receive $500,000 Gruber Cosmology Prize

Wed, 2020-05-06 05:00
(Yale University) The 2020 Gruber Cosmology Prize recognizes Lars Hernquist, Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, and Volker Springel, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, for their defining contributions to cosmological simulations, a method that tests existing theories of, and inspires new investigations into, the formation of structures at every scale from stars to galaxies to the universe itself.
Categories: space news

Effect of face-aging app on skin cancer protection behavior

Wed, 2020-05-06 05:00
(JAMA Network) This randomized clinical trial looked at the effect of a face-aging mobile app on daily sunscreen use and other skin protection among teens in Brazil. Selfies of students were altered to show UV effects on their future faces and shown to their class, accompanied by information about sun protection. Reducing UV exposure in children and adolescents is important because of the increased risk of skin cancer with cumulative UV exposure and sunburns early in life.
Categories: space news

ESO instrument finds closest black hole to Earth

Wed, 2020-05-06 05:00
(ESO) Astronomers have discovered a black hole lying just 1,000 light-years from Earth. The black hole is closer to our solar system than any other found to date and forms part of a triple system that can be seen with the naked eye. The astronomers found evidence for the invisible object by tracking its two companion stars using the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile. They say this system could just be the tip of the iceberg.
Categories: space news

Study reveals how spaceflight affects risk of blood clots in female astronauts

Tue, 2020-05-05 05:00
(King's College London) A study of female astronauts has assessed the risk of blood clots associated with spaceflight.The study, published in Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, in collaboration with King's College London, the Centre for Space Medicine Baylor College of Medicine, NASA Johnson Space Centre and the International Space University, examines the potential risk factors for developing a blood clot (venous thromboembolism) in space.
Categories: space news